Technical Indicator

James Chen, CMT is an expert trader, investment adviser, and global market strategist. He has authored books on technical analysis and foreign exchange trading published by John Wiley and Sons and served テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 as a guest expert on CNBC, BloombergTV, Forbes, and Reuters among other financial media.

Charles is a nationally テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 recognized capital markets specialist and educator with over 30 years of experience developing in-depth training programs for テクニカル指標一覧 burgeoning financial professionals. Charles has taught at a number of institutions including Goldman Sachs, Morgan Stanley, Societe Generale, and many more.

Yarilet Perez is an experienced multimedia journalist and fact-checker with a Master of Science in Journalism. She has worked in multiple cities covering breaking news, politics, education, and more. Her expertise テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 is in personal finance and investing, and real estate.

What Is a Technical Indicator?

Technical indicators are heuristic or pattern-based signals produced by the price, volume, and/or open interest of a security or contract used テクニカル指標一覧 by traders who follow technical analysis.

By analyzing historical data, technical analysts use indicators to predict future price movements. Examples of common technical indicators include the Relative Strength Index (RSI), Money Flow Index (MFI), stochastics, テクニカル指標一覧 moving average convergence divergence (MACD), and Bollinger Bands®.

Key Takeaways

  • Technical indicators are heuristic or mathematical calculations テクニカル指標一覧 based on the price, volume, or open interest of a security or contract used by traders who follow technical analysis.
  • Technical analysts or chartists look for technical indicators in historical asset price data to judge entry and exit points for trades.
  • There are several technical indicators that fall broadly into two main categories: overlays and oscillators.

How Technical Indicators Work

Technical analysis is a trading discipline employed to テクニカル指標一覧 evaluate investments and identify trading opportunities by analyzing statistical trends gathered from trading activity, such as price movement テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 and volume. Unlike fundamental analysts, who attempt to evaluate a security’s intrinsic value based on financial or テクニカル指標一覧 economic data, technical analysts focus on patterns of price movements, trading signals, and various other analytical charting tools to evaluate a security’s strength or weakness.

Technical analysis can be used on any security with historical テクニカル指標一覧 trading data. This includes stocks, futures, commodities, fixed-income, currencies, and other securities. In this tutorial, we’ll usually テクニカル指標一覧 analyze stocks in our examples, but keep in mind that these concepts can be applied to any type of security. In fact, technical analysis is far more prevalent in commodities and forex markets, where traders focus on short-term price movements.

Technical indicators, also known as “technicals,” are focused on historical trading data, such as price, volume, and open interest, rather than the fundamentals of a business, such as earnings, revenue, テクニカル指標一覧 or profit margins. Technical indicators are commonly used by active traders, since they’re designed to analyze short-term price movements, but long-term investors may also use technical indicators to identify entry and exit points.

Types of Indicators

There are two basic types of technical indicators:

  1. Overlays: Technical indicators that use the same テクニカル指標一覧 scale as prices are plotted over the top of the prices on a stock chart. Examples include moving averages and Bollinger Bands®.
  2. Oscillators: Technical indicators that oscillate between a local minimum and maximum テクニカル指標一覧 are plotted above or below a price chart. Examples include the stochastic oscillator, MACD, or RSI.

Traders テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 often use many different technical indicators when analyzing a security. With thousands of different options, traders must choose the indicators that work best for them and familiarize themselves with how they work. Traders may also combine technical indicators with more subjective forms of technical analysis, such as looking at chart patterns, to テクニカル指標一覧 come up with trade ideas. Technical indicators can also be incorporated into automated trading systems, given their テクニカル指標一覧 quantitative nature.

Example of Technical Indicators

The following chart shows some of the most common technical indicators, including moving averages, the RSI, and the MACD.


In this example, the 50- and 200-day moving averages are plotted テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 over the top of the prices to show where the current price stands relative to its historical averages. The テクニカル指テクニカル指標一覧 標一覧 50-day moving averages is higher than the 200-day moving average in this case, which suggests that the overall trend has been positive. The RSI above the chart shows the strength of the current trend—a neutral 49.07, in this case. The MACD below the chart shows how the two moving averages テクニカル指標一覧 have converged or diverged—slightly bearish, in this case.


【ご注意】『みんかぶ』における「買い」「売り」の情報はあくまでも投稿者の個人的見解によるものであり、情報の真偽、株式の評価に関する正確性・信頼性等については一切保証されておりません。 また、東京証券取引所、名古屋証券取引所、China Investment Information Services、NASDAQ OMX、CME Group Inc.テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 、東京商品取引所、大阪堂島商品取引所、 S&P Global、S&P Dow Jones Indices、Hang Seng Indexes、bitFlyer、NTTデータエービック、ICE Data Services等から情報の提供を受けています。 日経平均株価の著作権は日本経済新聞社に帰属します。 『みんかぶ』に掲載されている情報は、投資判断の参考として投資一般に関する情報提供を目的とするものであり、投資の勧誘を目的とするものではありません。 これらの情報には将来的な業績や出来事に関する予想が含まれていることがありますが、それらの記述はあくまで予想であり、その内容の正確性、信頼性等を保証するものではありません。掲載しているFX会社の評価やランキングは、各FX会社の公式サイトの掲載情報や、実際の取引画面の調査、個人投資家へのアンケートに基づいています。ただし、必ずしもサービスの内容、正確性、信頼性等を保証するものではございません。また、ランキングの評価項目は各カテゴリの比較ページに掲載しています。 総合ランキングについてはスプレッド比較、スワップ比較、PCツール比較、スマホアプリ比較、取引ルール比較、ニュース・コラム比較の評価をもとにランキングを作成しています。これらの情報に基づいて被ったいかなる損害についても、当社、投稿者及び情報提供者は一切の責任を負いません。 投資に関するすべての決定は、利用者ご自身の判断でなさるようにお願いいたします。 個別の投稿が金融商品取引法等に違反しているとご判断される場合には「 証券取引等監視委員会への情報提供 」から、同委員会へ情報の提供を行ってください。 また、『みんかぶ』において公開されている情報につきましては、営業に利用することはもちろん、第三者へ提供する目的で情報を転用、複製、販売、加工、再利用及び再配信することを固く禁じます。















Technical Indicator

An indicator mathematically derived from price, trading volume, investor sentiments, or open interest data and applied to interpret stock market trends and investment decisions using past price and volume trends

What is a Technical Indicator?

A technical indicator is a mathematical pattern derived from historical data used by technical traders or investors to predict future price trends and make trading decisions. It uses a mathematical formula to derive a series of data points from past price, volume, and open interest data.

Technical Indicator

A technical indicator is usually shown graphically and compared with the corresponding price chart for テクニカル指標一覧 analysis. The mechanics of a technical indicator captures the behavior and sometimes the investors’ psychology to provide テクニカル指標一覧 a clue of future trends of price activity.

Technical indicators offered in technical analysis to predict future テクニカル指標一覧 price movements include cycle volumes, momentum readings, volume patterns, price trends, Bollinger Bands, moving average, Elliot waves, oscillators, and sentiment indicators. Besides providing valuable insight into the price structure, a technical indicator also shows how to reap potential profits from price movements.


  • In technical analysis, a technical indicator is mathematically derived テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 from price, trading volume, investor sentiments, or open interest data and applied to interpret stock market trends and investment decisions using past price and volume trends.
  • Technical analysts use technical indicators to determine market entry and exit points.
  • Technical indicators can be used for trading decisions by analyzing them either on a stand-alone basis or when combined.

Understanding Technical Indicators

A technical indicator is generally a mathematically derived representation of data, such as price, volume, or open interest, to detect stock movement. The indicator is weighed テクニカル指標一覧 based on historically-adjusted returns, common sense, an investor’s objective, and logic to evaluate investments and identify trading opportunities.テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧

Some technical indicators generate signals as stand-alone, while others supplement each other. As elements of technical analysis, テクニカル指標一覧 they are used to evaluate a security’s strength or weakness by focusing on trading signals, patterns or price movements, and other analytical charting tools. Although there are non-specific technical indicators with regard to the market, some technical indicators are meant to be used for a specific financial market.

Types of Technical Indicators

1. Oscillators

Oscillators テクニカル指標一覧 are a special subset of technical indicators that oscillates between a local minimum and maximum and focuses テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 on market momentum. They are best used to provide readings of overbought and oversold price movements. Traders テクニカル指標一覧 and investors define price turns and reversals within ranging markets using oscillators because they swing within a テクニカル指標一覧 generally defined range.

In many cases, technical analysts consider using multiple oscillators on a single chart as redundant テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 because they bear a striking similarity in their mathematical formulas, function, and appearance. Technical analysis uses oscillators, such as relative strength.

2. Overlays

Overlays are special types of technical indicators used by traders and investors to identify overbought and oversold levels. They provide insight into the supply and demand of a stock. Commonly テクニカル指標一覧 used overlays include Bollinger Bands and moving average.

Other than giving the overbought and oversold conditions, Bollinger Bands measure the impending market volatility. On the other hand, moving averages are used to determine and measure テクニカル指標一覧 the strength of a market trend.

Common Technical Indicators

1. Accumulation/Distribution Line (A/D Line)

The Accumulation/Distribution Line is commonly used to determine a security’s money flow. The A/D line focuses only on the security’s closing price and trading range for the period. A buying interest is shown when the indicator line is trending up, while a falling indicator line shows a downtrend.

2. On-Balance-Volume (OBV)

On-Balance-Volume (OBV) applies to securities テクニカル指標一覧 over time, where it measures the flow of trading volume. A rising OBV suggests the buyers’ willingness to enter the market. Conversely, a falling OBV suggests lower prices when selling volume outpaces buying volume. OBV is, therefore, a confirmation indicator for a continuous trend.

3. Average Direction indicator (ADX)

Traders and investors use the Average Direction indicator (ADX) to measure a trend’s strength and momentum. A robust direction strength, either up or down, is in the offing when the ADX is above 40. A weak trend or テクニカル指標一覧 non-trending is suggestive when the indicator is below 20.

4. Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD)

Traders use テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 Moving Average Convergence Divergence (MACD) to see the direction and momentum of a trend that provides different trade テクニカル指標一覧 signals. When the price is on an upward phase, the MACD is above zero, while a below-zero MACD is suggestive of a bearish period.

Combining Multiple Technical Indicators

Technical analysts analyze technical indicators independently to テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 perceive possible changes in the behavior of each indicator. The structural changes within the various financial markets render the behavior of some technical indicators substantial.

For this reason, there are overwhelming combinations of technical indicators. Some テクニカル指標一覧テクニカル指標一覧 combinations are complex to understand and work with, while other combinations prove easy, especially when weights テクニカル指標一覧 are assigned to each indicator.

An example of a technical indicator combination is the Commodex Trend Index. The テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 テクニカル指標一覧 Commodex Trend Index incorporates other subjective forms of technical analysis, such as crossovers of a fast and slow-moving average, liquidation, open interest, and volume momentum.

More Resources

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